The Humpbacked Horse (premiere)
directed by Ivan Ivanov-Vano
The Humpbacked Horse is originally a 1947 Soviet Russian traditionally animated feature film directed by Ivan Ivanov-Vano and produced by the Soyuzmultfilm studio in Moscow. The film is based on the poem by Pyotr Pavlovich Yershov, hence everyone in the film speaks in rhymes. A remake in 1975 by the same director and studio was 70 minutes long, 15 minutes longer than the original. Although the progression of scenes and plot content is usually the same as in the original, the animation and specific actions of the characters are different; for example, a scene may be taken from a different angle or in a different location (all backgrounds were also newly-drawn). Sometimes a scene was drawn out, other times contracted (for example, the scene where Ivan first sees the white horse is much-simplified compared to 1947). This was done because the original film was then in a very bad shape, and the technical expertise for a restoration did not exist.